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Cervical Micro Endoscopic Discectomy- Learn The Procedure & Cost!

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micro endoscopic discectomy surgery in india

Micro endoscopic discectomy is a minimally-invasive treatment method to remove a portion of the herniated disc that is pressing on the nerve root or spinal cord, causing pain and discomfort.  The procedure makes use of an exclusive microscope to view and display the disc and nerves. It is performed through a tubular device.  Cervical micro endoscopic discectomy is an outpatient procedure in which the patient is allowed to leave the hospital the same day. Though it may take weeks or months for the nerve root to heal completely, most patients feel immediate relief from the pain.  The beauty of this technique is that a micro endoscopic discectomy does not change the mechanical or functional structure of the patient’s lower spine.

A Micro Endoscopic Discectomy of the cervical is a surgical procedure used to relieve a person from neck and arm pain caused due to a herniated or diseased disc. With the help of a surgery, the bone or disc herniation is removed as needed, to alleviate pressure on a compressed root nerve. Since the procedure is micro endoscopic, the patient can have it done as an outpatient procedure through same-day surgery. The back surgeon only needs to make a small incision enabling him to use a tubular device called a retractor, through which he passes a surgical light, a small camera and his surgical instruments to fix the herniated material.

Cervical Micro Endoscopic Discectomy is a surgery performed with an aim to treat leg pain and relieve from the pressure on a spinal nerve. A tear in the annulus occurs may cause a fragment of disc material to protrude and pinch surrounding nerves. When a nerve is compressed, it may cause disruptions like extremity pain, numbness, weakness, electrical sensations, and bowel and bladder incontinence. If symptoms are not cured with traditional treatments, a patient may need to undergo surgical removal of the herniated disc fragment. The procedure is performed by making a small incision of 2 to 3 cm, with the help of microscope. In a micro discectomy, the surgeon will make small incisions and use them with a small camera to locate the problematic material and remove it with special surgical instruments. The procedure may or may not need administering the patient with general anesthesia and since it is done with a small incision, there is usually less tissue damage. There are only certain specific situations where an endoscopic microdiscectomy is viable to be performed. The surgical evolution of Minimally Invasive Spinal Surgery is now applied to the cervical spine as it has been for the lumbar and thoracic areas. A microdiscectomy is usually recommended for patients who have bee suffering from leg pain for at least past six weeks, and/ or have not found sufficient pain relief with traditional treatments like oral steroids and physical therapy.

The attending specialist performs this minimally invasive surgical procedure to remove hindrances such as parts of a herniated or diseased disc to relieve from pain and irritation. The obstructions encroach and compress a root nerve exiting our spinal column, which is what causes the pain. Below is the detailed procedure. It is wise to discuss the possible risks, complications, and outcome expectations with the surgeon. Despite all the negligible complications, this has been a successful procedure for thousands.

  • Guide Wire Insertion

The surgeon inserts a guide wire through a small incision to pinpoint the affected disc in the spine. He uses a fluoroscope, an instrument which displays live X-ray images, to make sure that he is correctly lining up the route to the damaged disc.

  •  Dilation tube insertion

The surgeon routes a series of dilation tubes over the guide wire, pushing apart the tissue to create an opening to the affecting vertebrae, and then removes the guide wire.

  •  Positioning Retractor

A tubular retractor skims over the dilating tubes to the bone. The instrument provides an opening through which the doctor performs the surgery; the dilating tubes are then removed.

  •  Inserting Instruments

A surgical light and microscopic camera allow the doctor to get a visual of the problematic disc through a tube. He makes use of special surgical instruments that pass through the tube, to move away bone and soft tissue to access the spinal canal.

  •  Exposing the Nerve

The surgeon may use a small drill to clear enough around the bone to expose the pinched root nerve and the obstruction below it.

  •  Inspecting the problem area

The surgeon passes a small instrument through the retractor tube to check the nerve for obstructions and other aberrations.

  •  Removing Damaged Disc

Using small surgical instruments passing through the retractor, the surgeon removes the herniated portion of the disc or any bone is in the way of the root nerve. He clears the area to create enough room for the nerve to move back uninterrupted into its normal position.

  •  Post-surgical recovery
micro endoscopic discectomy treatment in india

The tubular retractor is withdrawn allowing the body tissue to close around the surgery site. Since the incision is small for a Micro Endoscopic Posterior Cervical Discectomy, only a small bandage is needed to cover the surface wound.

Once the patient returns home after an observation period he must rest and recuperate. As the surgery wound heals, one can return to normal daily activities around the house. Depending on the patient’s occupation, he may be allowed to return to work within one or two weeks.

Advantages of Cervical Micro endoscopic Discectomy

  • Patient can walk on the same day as the surgery
  • Short hospital stay
  • Ideal for young patients
  • Decreased post-surgical back muscle discomfort
  • Neural tissues are handled gently.

Complications from Cervical Micro endoscopic Discectomy

The complications of Foraminotomy or Microendoscopic Cervical Decompression are mostly the same as any posterior cervical foraminotomy. They include paralysis, death, failure to improve, instability, spinal fluid leak, nerve root injury, wound problems, infection.

Precautions post Cervical Micro endoscopic Discectomy

  • If necessary, patients may be asked to wear a soft lumbar corset to provide additional support in the early post-surgical period.
  • The wound surface can be left open for air and should be kept clean and dry.
  • Patients are expected to return for follow-up visit 6-10 days after the surgery to inspect the incision. Medications will be refilled if necessary.

FAQ - Micro Endoscopic Discectomy

  • What is a Minimally Invasive Discectomy?
    • It is a surgery aimed at treating leg pain from pressure on a spinal nerve. It is performed through small incision with the help of a microscope.
  • What is Micro-endoscopic discectomy?
    • Micro-endoscopic discectomy is an outpatient surgical procedure to remove herniated disc material.
  • What are the advantages of Micro-endoscopic Discectomy?
    • It is effective and negligible risk since there are no interferences with the bones, muscles, joints. Since the insertion of the probe through the muscle in the only opening, there is no major scarring.
  • What are the long-term results?
    • Since the beginning of this surgical procedure, the long-term results have been excellent.
  • Is a patient of spine surgery a good candidate for an endoscopic discectomy?
    • Patients who have undergone surgery can still undergo an endoscopic discectomy, with the only definite contraindication is the prior fusion at the same disc level.


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Hey, this is Emir, I am from Turkey. I had been to India to fix my back problem with a surgery. I was treated the best at the state of art hospital with world class spine surgeon who fixed my cervical issues with a surgery. The result was perfect the way I always wanted and now I a free from this problem once for all.
Cassy Humphrey

Hi, my names is Cassy Humphrey from Canada. I took a long flight to India for my back pain surgery. This was my trip to this country and I am pleased with the services here. The doctors and medical staff are warm and hospitable. They took the best care of me and my ailment giving such a high quality service without any hitch or delay. I recommend this place to all. Thank you everyone.
Bennett Wunderkind Soma

Hey this is Bennett Wunderkind Soma, I am from Kenya. My back was in a bad shape, which led me to India for the endoscopy. It went smooth and liberated me from the pain now. I can recommend the doctor and hospital in India for the same.
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