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Lumbar Disc Prolapse - Understanding the disorder!
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Lumbar Disc Prolapse Overview:

Our discs deteriorate with age, the inner nucleus in our disc, which is like a soft gel dries out and becomes less spongy. The outer annulus is also at risk for cracking or splitting as it becomes brittle with age. If this spilt extends through the annulus, then the nucleus can squeeze out into the spinal canal, thereby pushes the nerves. Let us understand the facts about this disorder.

Lumbar Disc Prolapse - stats and figures people suffering:

prolapse disc

Lumbar disc prolapse is most commonly seen in people between the age range of 35 and 55. A prolapsed lumbar disc can occur anywhere in the lower back. Usually, the intervertebral discs between L4 and L5 or L5 and S1 vertebrae are vulnerable to herniation. This is because the spine bears much of the body weight and supports a wide range of motion. With aging, our vertebrae starts losing its elasticity and the ability to bounce back from everyday movements. Eventually, this will cause lumbar disc prolapse.

Symptoms, Causes & Diagnosis of Lumbar Disc Prolapse:


prolapse disc

The symptoms of lumbar disc prolapse include sudden low back pain followed by pain radiating into the thigh, buttock shin or calf. At first, patients may have severe pain which can be described as a deep dull ache similar to sharp stabbing pain. Some people also experience tingling, numbness, muscle weakness in knee, hip or ankle movements. The shin or sciatica is typically worsened by sneezing, coughing, bending or prolonged sitting.

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Degeneration of the disc or disc aging is a gradual process. A lumbar disc prolapse occurs when the annulus is too weak for preventing the nucleus prolapsing out. In most cases, no specific event causes the prolapse. But it can be triggered due to an injury or exertion. Usually, this condition is caused by heavy lifting, twisting and bending of the spine, mild activity or at rest. A normal, healthy disc cannot prolapse unless there is some pre-existing disc degeneration or weakness.


The doctor will ask you to undergo a spinal MRI scan in order to diagnose a lumbar disc prolapse. The MRI scan report will provide detailed images of the spinal structures, including the discs and the nerves. X-rays are not quite useful to diagnose a spinal disc prolapse instead it may involve exposure to unnecessary radiation.

Management & Treatments Lumbar Disc Prolapse:

Most patients improve over a period of 4 to 8 weeks with conservative treatment like pain medication. Some patient’s benefits from reduced activity, acupuncture or physiotherapy. It is advised to refrain from forceful spinal manipulation as it has the potential to cause nerve damage or aggravate the pain. During these treatments, the patients should avoid activities that involve flare-ups in the pain.

Despite the initial conservative treatments, about one in four patients do not get improvement in their condition. Some of the patient’s condition continues to worsen.

Tablets like anti-inflammatories, pain killers and muscle relaxants are used to treat this condition. In rare cases, an epidural injection of steroid or the steroid tablets can be given to patients for settling down the inflammation. However, the effects of these treatments are temporary. A physiotherapist can recommend you about the pain relieving techniques, gentle exercises to maintain back mobility, ways to manage your daily activities and fitness. However, these hands-on treatments play a limited role in treating lumbar disc prolapse.

The patients who do not get relief from their medical condition, will be referred to a consultant spinal specialist for further advice and assessment. Considering the condition of the patient, the specialist may recommend the ongoing conservation management, a steroid nerve root block or a lumbar microdiscectomy operation.

In case a patient develops problems with bladder or bowel function or disturbing leg or ankle weakness, then he/she will be urgently referred to a spinal surgeon. The surgeon will perform a prolapsed disc operation for patients dealing with chronic back pain and neck pain that has developed due to the deterioration of one or more intervertebral discs in the spinal column. He/she will remove the source of nerve compression by performing the type of procedure which is suitable as per your medical condition. The different type of procedure for prolapsed disc operation are:

  • Laminotomy
  • Foraminotomy
  • Facet thermal ablation
  • Minimally invasive stabilization

The prolapsed disc symptoms can be managed through the non-surgical treatments like pain medications, physical therapy, rest or exercises. If chronic lumbar disc prolapse pain persists even after weeks or months of conservative treatment, consider Spine and Neuro Surgery Hospital India. The surgeons here performs minimally invasive, outpatient procedures using modern techniques.

If you are really seeking for the Lumbar Disc Prolapse, kindly fill up the form for a free consultation with our surgeons. You will be provided with thorough analysis and suggestions regarding the Lumbar Disc Prolapse you are seeking for.

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Maya Mirchandani

Hi I am Maya Mirchandani from Canada, I went thousands of miles to India, which is also my Mom’s place for the back surgery. I am now free with the high quality service that I availed at low cost. I am free form the back pain and can now recommend one and all for this.
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This is Carol White from Austria. I was in India last week for my spine surgery. I am really impressed with the incredible services and treatment I got there in India. My doctor and hospital staff was so caring and professional that I really felt at home here and would therefore recommend everyone this place for any treatment.
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Hey, this is Paul from USA, I was suffering from my back pain when I realized I needed a surgery for it. I decided to head to India for my back surgery. I went on to have the best experience in terms of treatment at hospital and other place. I thank my doctor and the hospital staff who all treated me so well. I highly recommend India for my back surgery.
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Hi, this is Jonathan, I am from UK, I had gone to India for my back surgery and I am glad I took the right decision. I got the best of the services here and would never mind recommending this place to anyone.
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