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Back & Neck Pain
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What is back pain?
Back pain is the discomfort felt in the back which typically originates from the bones, muscles, nerves, joints or other structures in the spine. Back pain may occur suddenly and can be chronic; it can be constant or discontinuous, staying in one place and radiate to other parts. The pain may be dull, or it can be acute, with piercing-like feeling or burning sensation. The pain may radiate towards the hands as well as legs, and may include symptoms other than pain, including weakness, tingling, or numbness.
Back pain is the most common health complaint around the world. About nine out of every ten people suffer from some form of back ache at least once in a lifetime, and six out of ten working adults complain of it frequently. Low back pain accounts for 30% of sick leaves from work, and is a single leading cause of disability worldwide. The spine is a complex interlocking network of nerves, joints, muscles, tendons and ligaments, which are all capable of generating pain. Large nerves originating in the spine can spread to the legs and arms which can make pain radiate to the extremities.
There are different types of back pain, namely specific and non-specific. A nonspecific lower back pain is the pain that is not caused due to any particular or underlying disease that can be found. In certain cases, the cause may be a sprain, overstretching of a ligament or muscle, a minor problem with a diseased disc between two vertebrae, or a problem in the small joint between two vertebrae. There are chances of other small problems in the structures and tissues of the lower back that cause pain. These causes of the pain are impossible to be proven by tests. As a result, it is generally impossible for a doctor to determine from exactly where the pain is coming, or exactly what is causing it.
What are the causes of back pain?
While to some people, not knowing the exact cause of the pain is worrying, for some others, it is reassuring to know that the diagnosis is nonspecific back trouble which means that there is no serious problem or disease of the back or spine. There are many reasons that give rise to back pain. Increasing age, wearing off, injuries are a very common source of lower back pain and stiffness. Some of the common causes are:
- Keeping awkward position or bending awkwardly for long
- Carelessly lifting, pushing, carrying, or pulling heavy objects
- Slouching in chairs
- Twisting awkwardly
- Driving with a hunched back; driving for long periods without taking a break
However this kind of back pain usually goes away after a few days. Others causes of chronic pain include:
- Disc tear
- Spondylolisthesis - it is the wear and tear that makes it difficult for the joints and ligaments to keep the spine in proper position, especially with age. When a vertebrae moves more than it is supposed to, it might slide ahead and on top of another. If this happens, bones can press on the spinal nerves and cause lower back pain
- Vertebral fractures caused due to brittle bones
- Spinal stenosis - Narrow space around the spinal cord can put pressure on nerves. The narrowing is caused due to bone spurs developed as a result of osteoarthritis.
- Scoliosis - it is an abnormal curvature of the spine which can cause back pain.
In rare conditions, low back pain can be an indication of a serious medical condition such as diabetes or a pinched nerve. In the case of a pinched nerve, there may be some other symptoms too like fever, night sweats, chills, loss of bladder control.
What are the risk factors?
Certain risk factors foster the chances of developing back pain, which include:
- Overweight - excess weight puts pressure on the spine, wearing it out before time or causing friction
- Smoking - people who smoke have unhealthier lifestyles, and the habit may also cause tissue damage in the back; it is important to get help quitting
- Pregnancy - the extra weight of carrying a baby can put additional strain on the back
- Prolonged intake of medication known to weaken bones can also cause back problems
- Stress - stress may cause tension in the back muscles that can lead to back pain
- Depression - back pain can make one feel depressed, which may result in weight gain leading to increased pain and worsening depression
What are the treatment options?
The treatment for lower back pain depends upon the patient's medical history and the type and severity of pain. Maximum cases of lower back pain get better within six weeks without surgery, and lower back pain exercises are almost always a part of a treatment regimen. If pain persists or worsens, more involved diagnostic and surgical procedures may be recommended. Considering a good Spine and Neuro Surgery Hospital may be the last sort to treat an ailing back.
- Rest - stalling strenuous physical activity for a few days eases healing of injured tissue and even nerve roots, which helps relieve lower back pain. But too many days of rest can also weaken the muscles, and they have to struggle to adequately support the spine. People who do not exercise regularly to build strength and flexibility are more likely to experience prolonged or recurrent lower back pain complaints.
- Heat and Ice Packs - help relieve most types of low back pain by reducing inflammation. Often patients use ice, but some prefer heat. Both may be used alternately.
- Medications - A variety of medications are available to help bring down the symptoms of lower back pain. Some medications alleviate inflammation, which is often a cause of pain, while some work to stall the transmission of pain signals from reaching the brain.
- Exercise - apart from regular exercise, a low impact aerobic exercise, such as walking, can be good for the lower back as it helps bring oxygen to the soft tissues in the back to encourage healing.
- Surgery - is considered as the last option after the pain has not gone with the traditional healing techniques. A surgery is always the patient's decision, and a skilled spine surgeon guides the patient regarding the pros and cons of needed procedures.
Why India for Back Pain treatment?
India is the global capital of herbal medicines, pharmaceutical formulations, and natural healing techniques. While most countries rely only on technology to treat health problems, India uses a blend of ancient holistic procedures and latest innovations to bring an end to the medical obstacles, commonly back pain. Spine and Neuro Surgery Hospitals in India are fully equipped to treat all types of spine conditions with precision and perfection. Hospital in India is one such center that holds up the flag of providing excellent healthcare facilities at affordable prices. Indian metropolitan cities like Nagpur, Bangalore, Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai have been recognized to facilitate the most sought-after medical prospects to people around the world.
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